Italy (Italia) is a republic in southern Europe. The country
can be generally divided into the more urban north and the mostly rural south.
The more prosperous north contains most of Italy’s larger cities and about
two-thirds of the country’s population. Administratively, Italy is divided into
20 regions, each of which is subdivided into provinces and communes.
Map of Italy
Greek Temple ruins
in Agrigento, Sicily.
St. Peter's Basilica as seen from Tiber river, in Italy.
Below, Florence, capital of Firenze province and Toscana region. Founded by the
Romans about the 1st century BC, it was also the capital of Italy during
Dandelions in Piedmont, Italian Alps.
Calabria, Italy Fall/Winter 1997 The elongated peninsula at the southern end of
mainland Italy shows a
mountainous spine that traverses the peninsula from northeast to southwest. The
darker area inland from the coast is the rugged Calabrian Mountains where some
peaks exceed 1542 meters above sea level. This forested region is
also known as the Silan uplands where a variety of lakes, meadows, and elevated
pastures are intermixed with the wooded areas. The drainage pattern observed
around the geologic structure (darker feature-bottom center) has the
characteristics of an old, severely eroded, extinct volcano (source: NASA).
Piazza Navona, in Rome. Two fountains and the church of Sant' Agnese.
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World in Pictures.