The first European settlement established in Brazil was Porto Seguro, in 1503, in southern Bahia. The first village was São Vicente, São Paulo state, founded in 1532. The first city was Salvador, founded in 1549, by the Portuguese. The Jesuits arrived in the same year and they founded the first Brazilian school in the city.
Salvador was planned by King John III of Portugal to be the first Brazilian capital. For about two hundred years Brazil was administered by the governor in Salvador. Until the 19th century, Salvador was the biggest port in the Southern Hemisphere. Many ships coming from Europe, Asia and other parts of America docked here, including the Beagle with Charles Darwin, in 1832. Darwin loved the city and returned in 1836.
Today, Salvador hosts a huge historical heritage and the largest carnival in the Planet. This is the land where capoeira and samba were born. Tourists come from all over the world to enjoy the city, its culture and its wonderful beaches.
Copyright © Geographic Guide - World in Pictures. South America, Brazil.
Photo Almir Santos